There are a range of services that are available to everybody, without the need for any assessment or referral (although you will probably need to register with them), to help manage their health. These are often called ‘universal’ services and they include GPs, Dentists, Pharmacists, Opticians and Walk-in centres. You can find the details of these services here at NHS Service Search. Details of other local universal health services can be found under Universal Health Services. Emergency and urgent care is available to everyone in the normal way of going to a local A&E or calling 999 as necessary.
There are services that support and treat people with certain conditions and normally you will have to be referred to the services by certain professionals or agencies e.g. GPs, schools, etc. These are called ‘targeted’ services. Children, young people with a disability, medical condition and/or a special educational need will probably be supported by one or more of these services through their life. Details of local targeted health services can be found under Targeted Health Services.
With very complex medical or health needs it may be necessary for individuals to get some very specialised treatment, medication or therapy which is provided locally. These would be called ‘specialist’ services and access to these will be via the clinical consultant that is managing the care and treatment of that individual. It is not possible to list all these specialised services, but information should be provided directly to the patient and their family when the treatment etc. is being discussed /arranged.
NHS Choices is the online 'front door' to the NHS. It is the country's biggest health website and gives all the information you need to make choices about your health, including listing health services in your area.